DEVELOPING A COMMERCIALIZATION PROCESS MODEL
(A CASE STUDY OF FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC OFFA, KWARA STATE POLYTECHNIC, ILORIN AND UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN, NIGERIA)
BEING AN AMALGAMATION OF THE THREE PERIODIC REPORTS EARLIER SUBMITTED IN RESPECT OF TETFUND’S IBR EFFORTS
Commercialization Process in this context is a sequential algorithm of monitoring Research efforts from topic formulation to implementing its findings to become a utility service or product. A pilot study was done in University Utara as a postgraduate research (Adebayo 2012). The current research is an attempt to localize the idea in the Nigeria setting; with three tertiary institutions as case study. Survey Questionnaires for Academic Staff and selected students of the three institutions were administered as research instruments. Findings revealed that there is not yet formal algorithm strictly followed in the setting investigated, therefore not much of commercialization of tertiary institutions’ students’ research findings is being commercialized. To improve the situation, a Model- Commercialization Process Model (CPM) was created with 14-point sequential algorithm towards monitoring commercialization of students’ research findings by partnering of institutions with industries.
EFFECT OF COUNSELING ON PUBLIC TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS STUDENT’S ATTITUDE TOWARDS INVOLVEMENT IN CYBER CRIME IN KWARA STATE
AMARI BASHIR RICHARD
The internet creates unlimited opportunities for commercial, social and educational activities. But with cybercrime the net introduces its own peculiar risk. In Nigeria today, numerous internet assisted crimes are committed daily in various forms such as online fraud, hacking, piracy, cyber harassment etc. usually these crimes are committed by youths. The research thus determined the effect of counseling implication on public tertiary institutions students’ attitude towards involvement in cybercrime in Kwara State. A pretest-posttest, control group quasi experimental design was adopted for the study. 3800 tertiary institution students selected through cluster random sampling technique (M=24 61; F=1339) participated in the study. Four null hypotheses guided the research. A self-develop questionnaire known as Students Involvement in Cyber Crime Questionnaire (SCCQ r.086) was used for data collection. T-test and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) parametric statistics were used for data analysis. Treatment had significant effect on tertiary institution students’ cybercrime tendencies (F(1,3552)=329.902;p<05;N´2=09). The experimental group had higher cybercrime tendencies mean score (x=68.29) than the control (x=61.01) gender had significant effect on participants cybercrime tendencies (F (1,3552))=4719;;p<05;n´2=0) other religion had the highest posttest mean score (76.116), followed by Christianity (68.83), traditional (65.62)while Islam has the least (63.04). home type had significant effect on students cybercrime tendency (F(13552))=5.641;p<05;n´2=0) one parent married had the highest mean score (71.08) followed by single biological parent (68.51), guardian (64.34), foster parents (61.101) while intact had the least (58.93) based on the findings it was recommended that counseling programme should be organize for new and old students pointing out the danger/evils inherent in involving in cybercrime, parents should avoid divorce or single parenting so as to raise their children together.
Keywords: Counseling Implication, Public Tertiary Institution, Students, Cyber Crime.
ARCHIVAL RECORDS AND MANUSCRIPT COLLECTIONS IN SELECTED POLYTECHNIC LIBRARIES IN THE NORTH-CENTRAL, NIGERIA
ALIYU, MULIKAT BOLA
The value of records in the area of reference, historical and administrative use in any Nigerian Polytechnic Library cannot be overlooked. It is true that available archival records and manuscripts abound in most Nigerian polytechnic libraries, their scattered nature makes them difficult to be traced when the need for it arises. Records that are considered archival in nature are found to be in different sub-systems of the libraries under research and treated as library materials. The study focuses on the desirability for polytechnic libraries to establish archival sub-systems within their systems so that valuable administrative, research, reference, historical records and manuscripts of vital values are preserved and disseminated. This approach would bring their maximum utilization by researchers into use. Social survey research method was adopted while the instruments used for data collection were questionnaire, interviews and observation. The data collected were analyzed using simple percentage and tabular presentation. The findings of the study clearly revealed that most Nigerian Polytechnic libraries do not have separate archival units within their systems although archival records and manuscripts are found in these libraries. It was observed that records considered to be archival in nature are located in the various units of the libraries headed by unit heads and treated as library materials. This makes them difficult to be located on request. The study concluded by recommending that the Nigerian polytechnic libraries should establish a separate archival records and manuscripts would be enhanced and their and their selection, acquisition, organization, preservation and dissemination would be brought into focus while the unit will managed by a professional and experienced archivist. The study proposed a model that is based on ideas expressed by different researcher in the related literature reviewed and the outcome of this research.
ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICANTS HUMAN EXPOSURES AND THEIR EFFECTS
MRS DEBORAH ADEFUNKE ADEYEMI
DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY
FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC OFFA, KWARA STATE
BATCH 6 TETFUND INSTITUTION-BASED RESEARCHOCTOBER 2018
A TETFUND SPONSORED RESEARCH
The project researched the presence of environmental toxicants, human exposure and their health effects on man, plant and animals. Soil and water samples were taken from industrial densely area at Lagos, Delta and Kwara State. Results from the analysis showed that the trace metals dissolution into the water and soil respectively were above the permissible dosage of the body thus can pose dangers to the people around the area (ranges from Pb – 0.15u to 0.91u) while the permissible dose varies between 0.05u to 0.51u. The soil were not suitable forplanting or land animal to live in (3.8 to 3.08 respectively (more acidic) while 5.5 to 7.0 can support plant growth. The microbiological results showed that the presence of E.coli bacteria in all the samples can only serves as a potential dangers to human health.
ACCESSIBILITY TO INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONI TECHNOLOGY, ITS VALUE IN USE AND USERS’ ATTITUDE AMONG SELECTED POLYTECHNIC LIBRARIES INKWARA STATE, NIGERIA
This research was conducted to investigate and provide new insights on ICT accessibility, value in use and users attitude in Kwara State Polytechnic and Federal Polytechnic Offa libraries. It examined provision of ICT to the students and researchers as well by both institution managements, user’s accessibility to the ICT effectiveness of the ICT components and challenges they faced accessing these ICT components in the library. A survey research method e=was adopted, using questionnaire as the instrument for gathering data, also tables and simple percentage were used for data presentation to aid easy discussion of findings and interpretation of result. More alsoquestionnaires were administered to 100 randomly selected students and staffs in each of the institution made provisions for ICT components, but they are not adequate enough, also results indicated that users have access to these ICT components, not only that greater number of them access ICT in the libraries frequently. Part of the findings also is that users of theses ICT components used it for assignment, recreational purpose and for reaserch, however results shows that lack of adequate facilities and epileptic power supply are the major problems users faced while accessing ICT components in the library. And finally some appropriate recommendations were put forward to solve identified problems during the course of this study. Some of which are: school and library management should make provision of ICT in the library a priority, the available ICT components in the library should be made accessible to the users at all time, also part of the recommendations was that adequate attention should be given to training and re-training of staffs managing the ICT components.
MOTIVATION AND PRODUCTIVITY OF FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC LECTURERS IN SOUTH WEST AND NORTH CENTRAL STATES OF NIGERIA
OGUNJIMI SAMUEL OLATUNJI
This research work considered the topic “Motivation and Productivity of Federal Polytechnic Lecturers in South West and North Central States of Nigeria” and the objectives of the study were four-fold, viz: one to find out if there is any relationship between motivation of lecturers and their level of productivity: two, to ascertain if indeed lecturers are motivated by government and schools management: three, to find out if lecturers are satisfied with the existing incentives, if any: four, to recommend other avenues for improved motivation in order to enhance level of productivity of the lecturers. The research instrument used was questionnaire and data analysis method was inferential statistics with particular reference to correlation co-efficient method. The findings revealed that there is a positive relationship between motivation and productivity level of lecturers, that is, if lecturers are properly and adequately motivated their productivity level would surely increase.
A STUDY OF e-GOVERNANCE STATUS IN NIGERIA’S KWARA AND OSUN STATES
Being an amalgamation of the three periodic Reports earlier submitted in respect of TETFUND’s IBR Efforts
IMMAM, O. RAMAT
The Federal Polytechnic
Nigeria consists of distinct communities, wiki/Nigeria (2012). Nigeria’s Public Service, scholars assert is a comprehensive organ that houses bureaucracy of the nation, Adamolekun, et al (2012). Kwaraand Osun States situate in two different geo-political zones of the federation. Among identified militants against effective delivery of dividend of democracy, according to Myeong et al (2010), are barriers to information sharing, which e-governance is endeavoring to break. The research found out how far, Nigeria is e-governance compliant. We applied Questionnaires, interviews, as modes of asking the correct questions. Sackettet al, (2007). Hermeneutic mode of Data Analysis (Renning 2015) was used in analyzing data collected. Respondents’ tenures on the job are reliable. Manual office machines are rapidly giving way for computers, but not yet up to the befitting standard. Real-time information sharing, which we found to be very low level is strongly advocated, but the fear is low-level of computer literacy of the populace; of which solution could be a subject of another research.
QUANTIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF IRON FILLING FROM GRINDED FOOD ITEMS
ENGR SALAWU SOLIU GANIYAT
DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC OFFA, NIGERIA
A TETFUND SPONSORED RESEARCH
Most of the food items grinded using locally fabricated grinding machine with cast grinding disc introduces iron filling into it. When this iron fillings in the food is ingested, it cannot be digested, hence, it get stored and accumulates into human organs. This causes adverse health effects and disrupts the functioning of vital organs and glands such as the ear, brain, liver and even the kidney. Thus, is study aims at quantification and characterization of iron fillings that were extracted from grinded food item. Three food item used for the research include: Millet, Beans and corn. The food items were grinded in three different forms; wet, paste and dry form for up to three minutes using locally fabricated grinding machine with cast grinding discs. Separate grinding discs were used for grinding the food item in the different forms, while the same quatity of food item, 5kg was used during grinding in each form. The grinding contact was also maintained during the grinding process, while the grinding time was varied. The millet was soaked for 24 hrs before grinding in order to obtain wet form. Also beans were peeled and soaked before grinding to obtain the paste form while the corn was grinded dry. Iron fillings were carefully extracted from the grinded food item using magnetic bed along with sedimentation and decantation. The extracted materials were then quantified to ascertain the food form that produces the highest amount of iron fillings. The extracted samples were characterized using optical emission spectrometer (OES) to determine the chemical compositions of the samples, while X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used for elemental composition/ phase identification and grain size of the iron fillings. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) was also used to observe the morphology of the extracted iron fillings and determine their elemental compositions, respectively. The results show that te wet form has the highest amount of iron fillings of about 1.397g followed by the paste form with 1.075g. The dry form has the least value corresponding to 0.945g. The chemical composition of the grinding disc showed that it was made from cast iron with presence of C and Si as the main alloying element of Fe. This observation was confirmed by the XRD and EDS results which revealed the presence of large amount of Iron (Fe) and little amount of Carbon © and Silicon (Si) as represented by the elemental peaks of the samples. SEM showed that the grains of iron fillings in the wet form were loosely packed followed by those from paste form, while the dry for has a closely packed grain structure. The grain sizes of the iron fillings in all the form were calculated using data from the XRD standard file. The average values obtained for the wet form is 12.095 nm, paste form 8.056 nm and dry form 3.124nm. These results revealed the presence of elemental iron (Fe) in grinded millet, with varying grain sizes. This metallic iron are not suitable for consumption and when ingested cannot be digested. Thus, the iron fillings from the grinded food will accumulate and cause adverse health effects.
INVESTIGATION OF MECHANICAL AND MICROSTRUTURAL PROPERTIES OF COCONUT FIBRE AND WOOD DUST REINFORCED POLYESTER COMPOSITE
ENGR MRS ABDULLATEEF, TOYEEBAH FOLAKE
DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC OFFA, NIGERIA
A TETFUND SPONSORED RESEARCH
Agricultural biomass such as coconut fibres and wood dust are usually discarded as waste in most parts of Nigeria. Burning is one of the methods adopted for disposing most of these wastes. This poor method of disposal usually induces respiratory diseases such as allergic rhinitis, chronic bronchitis and asthma e.t.c. However; one of the best approaches of reducing wastes is converting them into useful products to maximize their potentials. Composite development is an appropriate method through which agricultural wastes can be optimally utilized. This work aims to develop and study the mechanical properties of coconut fibre and mahogany wood dust used as reinforcement in polyester matrix. Composites samples were produced by casting in different moulds using 10 wt% of coconut fibre with varying wood dusts compositions between 1%- 15 wt % in polyester matrices. The cast samples were cured for 1h and then stripped off the moulds. After the removal from the mould, the samples were further allowed to cure to room temperaturebefore teasile, flexural and hardness tests were performed on them. Scanning Electron Microphone (SEM) analysis was also carried out on some of the polyester matrix composites in order to observe their morphology. The results showed that the curing time decreases with increase in fibre and filler loading while the tensile strength increases with increase in saw dust fillers. However, composite with 10 wt % coconut fibre and 12 wt % wood dust displayed highest tensile strength of 19.89 MPa, while the best strain behavior was obtained from composite with 10 wt % coconut fibre and 1 wt % wood dust. Flexural strength was enhanced at higher fibre and filler loading reaching theoptimum (31.32 MPa) at 10 wt % coconut fibre and 7 wt% wood dust loading. Hardness values increases in a fluctuating manner from 0 to 15 wt % wood dust filler loading. From these results, it can be concluded that optimum composition of coconut fibre and wood dust can be used to develop composites with relatively better mechanical properties that are comparable with those of synthetic composite. Thus, agricultural biomass can serve as alternative reinforcement materials from the production of composite.
Keywords: polyester, coconut fibre, wood dust, mechanical properties, hybrid composite.
DEVELOPMENT OF UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE ( UAV) FOR SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM WITH RADIO FREQUENCY CONTROL
SELUWA, OLUWADARE EMMANUEL
BAMIDELE, GANIYU. K.
ADEKANYE, MAJEED. J.
ADARANIJO, LUKMAN O.
In the last few years, (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) UAV systems have become relevant for applications in precision farming, military purposes, road and dam surveillance etc. The name UAV covers all vehicles, which are flying in the air whether it is a plane or a helicopter, etc, with no person on board to control the aircraft. This project gives an overview about UAV systems.UAVs are costly systems and flexible. The aim is to develop a UAV system which is low in cost and its performance would be up to standard. Nigeria as a developing nation cannot affect these costly systems and afford the loss of lives of our pilots as well. Therefore, a low cost UAV system will have to be used because it is the need of today. Due to the advancement in satellite receiver tracking systems, an integrated system employing latest tracking techniques using satellite reciever in the form of GPS integrated with an aerospace vehicle can be used to get the pictures from the attached camera. The data of GPS is transferred to base station with the help of mobile phone, another mobile phone on the base station side receive that data and then it is stored in the Database. Radio frequency transmitter controls the aerospace by integrating the above technique & it uses Global Position System (GPS) as a tracking tool.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF A STANDBY SOLAR POWER BY SYNCHRONISER WITH SOLAR ENERGY TRACKING MECHANISM
EHIAGWINA, FREDERICK OJIEMHENDE
OLATINWO, LUKEMAN OLANIRAN
SALAUDEEN, WASIU O.
OJO-JOSEPH, B. T.
A solar tracker is a generic term used to describe devices that orient solar panel towards the sun. In flat panel, photovoltaic applications trackers are used to minimize the angle of incidence between the incoming light and a photovoltaic panel. This increases the amount of energy produced from a fixed amount of installed power generating capacity of photovoltaic panel.
This proposal presents a solar tracking system with servo motor and a solar inverter. The system consists of solar panel always facing the direction of a sun with the aid of solar tracker mechanism controlled by a micro controller programming written in c language. The purpose of this solar tracking system is to maximize the power generation from the photovoltaic panel. The hardware design involved solar panel, motor controller circuit to control the servo and circuit converter comprising the voltage output from the solar panel which is stabilized by circuit converter before used by inverter application. The developed system will be pollution free, and the PV installations can operate for many years with little maintenance after the initial set up cost. They are extremely cheap when compared to existing Power technologies. The developed system is capable of improving trapped solar power by at least 25%.
AN APPRAISAL OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF RADIO ADVERT CAMPAIGNS IN CONTROLLING MATERNAL MORTALITY: A CASE STUDY OF STAFF AND STUDENTS OF THE FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC, OFFA, KWARA STATE, NIGERIA
AIYELABEGAN, CHINWE JAMEELAH (MRS.)
DEPARTMENT OF MASS COMMUNICATION
THE FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC
OFFA, KWARA STATE, NIGERIA.
The importance of promoting material health in our society cannot be over emphasized, this is because it goes a long way in saving the lives of expectant mothers and their unborn babies. Therefore, the purpose of this research work "An Appraisal of the Effectiveness of Radio Advert Campaigns in Controlling Maternal Mortality: A Case Study of Staff and Students of the Federal Polytechnic Offa" is to ascertain how the mass media, especially the advert campaigns on the radio are used to o control maternal mortality. The research was conducted using a population size of five hundred (500) Staff and Students of the Federal Polytechnic Offa, Kwara State, Nigeria. The research reviewed four local radio stations in Osun and Kwara State respectively of which the respondents have regular access and also, some selected non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) were visited in order to access their activities in the control of the causes and effects of maternal mortality. The research was conducted within a period of five months (May-September 2015). Use of questionnaire and On-the-Spot in depth Interviews were adapted as the instruments for data collection while simple percentage was adopted for data analysis. Finally, recommendations and suggestions on the control and preventive measures for maternal mortality made for future researchers, for relevant agencies in the health sector and other concerned stakeholders, organizations and institutions in addition to individuals at the home front in particular and the society at large.
ENHANCEMENT OF SECOND LEVEL AUTOMATED TELLER MACHINE (ATM) AUTHENTICATION USING RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION AND FINGERPRINT
JIMOH ABDULRAMON AROYEHUN
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING, FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC OFFA, KWARA STATE, NIGERIA.
This project work is to present in detail a system which is used for ATM security application. Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) have become a part of human economical system. As a result of their ubiquity, the notion that something could go wrong never crosses their minds. Unfortunately, things are not always as they seem at the ATMs. Most ATMs scams involve criminal theft of debit card numbers and personal Identification Numbers(PINs) from the innocent users of these machines. There are several variations of this confidence scheme but all involve the unknowing cooperation of the cardholders themselves. In this study, a security system using passive Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and Fingerprint was carried out. It is a low cost and low power concept. The system is compact in size and has the capability of standing alone. A microcontroller compares two signals from the user Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and fingerprints. If the two signals correctly match the pre-stored database, the microcontroller provides the needed control signal to continue the transaction on the Automated Teller Machines (ATMs), otherwise access will be denied, irrespective of the location. When incorporated into the ATM system in Nigeria, the scheme will prevent ATM fraud. Evaluation of the result was done based on the level of security and authentication. Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tag can be encrypted compared to the existing tags given out by commercial banks and fingerprint gave a higher level of security compared to password used by the modern banks.
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATIONS AND RURAL INFRASTRUCTURAL DEVELOPMENT:
THE CASE STUDY OF IBADAN, NIGERIA
TPL. ADEWALE, Y.Y
TPL. OLA, A.B.
Against the background of observed inadequacy in infrastructural facilities in the rural areas in Nigeria and increasing inability of the government to effectively respond to these challenges, the rural dwellers through their community development associations have taken up the challenge with commendable determination and resilience. This study was undertaken to examine the potentials and contributions of these of community development associations to the provision of infrastructural facilities in Nigerian rural centres focusing on Ibadan rural region.
A combination of theory of citizen participation, locality development theory and the concepts of participatory rural appraisal guided the study. Cross-sectional survey research design and a multistage sampling technique were adopted. A total of 203 community development associations were identifies in four rural Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Ibadan out of which 20 most active community development associations were purposely selected. A structured questionnaire containing information on the administrative structure of the associations and infrastructural facilities provided by the associations was used in obtaining information from the associations’ leaders. Simple random sampling technique was used in sampling 1021 members of the associations. A structured questionnaire containing information on socio demographic characteristics (age, sex, income), participation in the associations’ infrastructural development efforts, challenges and prospects of the associations were administered on the respondents. Four key informant interviews were conducted with the heads of the community development departments of the selected Local Government Areas descriptive and inferential statistics were employed for data analysis at p≤0.05. Qualitative data were content analysed.
The mean age of the associations was 22 years. Water projects and road rehabilitation were the major infrastructural projects executed by 95% and 89.9 of the associations respectively. The associations sourced for funds from compulsory levies paid by members (100%); financial assistance from members of the communities in diaspora (75%); financial donations by philanthropist (50%); and voluntary donations by community members (20%). Infrastructural facilities provided by the associations enjoyed adequate patronage form community members (85%). Inadequate funds (56.5%); lack of assistance form government (32.4%); Delay in securing space for some facilities (8.2%); Vandalisation of some facilities (2.9%) and non-payment of compulsory levies by members (90%) were the challenges facing the associations. Multinomial logistic regression analysys indicates that socio-economic variables exert positive influence on members’ participation in the associations’ infrastructural projects (r2=0.806).
Community development associations contributed to improved access to infrastructural facilities in the rural region of Ibadan despite the paucity of funds. Effective partnership with community development associations by local and state governments for sustainable rural infrastructural development is recommended.
Keywords: Community development; rural infrastructural; local participation; community development associations.
EVALUATION OF COLLECTION DEVELOPMENT PRACTICES IN SELECTED LIBRARIES IN KWARA STATE, NIGERIA
Libraries, as institutions saddled with the responsibility of catering for the information needs of their clients, must achieve their goals in this information age and this is only possible through balanced collections, which are responsive to such needs. Therefore, libraries must endeavor to develop collection of information resources, which will be rich in quality and quantity. This paper evaluates the collection development practice of selected libraries in Kwara State, Nigeria. The study population comprised 23 librarians who were purposively selected from academic, special and public libraries in Kwara State and data were collected using the questionnaire and interview. The analysis of data collected was based on descriptive statistics of frequency counts and percentages. Challenges such as inadequate funding, absence of written collection development policies and diverse information needs of users affect collection development practices of these libraries. Recommendations based on the findings of this study were highlighted in this paper.
Keywords: Libraries, Collection development practices, Kwara State, Nigeria.
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PUBLIC TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION TOWARDS ENTREPRENEURIAL EDUCATION AS A PANACEA FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN KWARA STATE
This study investigated the comparative analysis of public tertiary institution.
Students’ perception towards entrepreneurial education as a panacea for national development in Kwara State. The respondents used for this study were two hundred tertiary institution students. Four null hypotheses were postulated and tested. The instrument used for the study were students’ perception of entrepreneurial education for national development questionnaires was pilot tested using Cronach’ salfa method. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools and t-test. The research findings indicated that exposure to entrepreneurial education significantly enhanced the students’ perception to entrepreneurial education as a panacea for national development. Also, male under study signifies greater positive perception to entrepreneurial education. The science students demonstrated higher perception on entrepreneurial education than non-science students. Furthermore, the study recommended that the spirit of entrepreneurship among Nigerian youths should be promoted through seminars and workshop on corporate leadership and entrepreneurship. Facilities should be put in place to keep the youth busy instead of watching them engaged in acts that are detrimental to entrepreneurial development of the nation.
Keywords: Entrepreneur, Socio-Economic, Youth, Students, National Development, Tertiary Institution.
EVALUATION OF CHALLENGES OF SIWES STUDENTS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE OF THE FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC, OFFA, KWARA STATE, NIGERIA
AHMED YAKUB OLAYINKA
DEPARTMENT OF LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE, THE FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC, OFFA, KWARA STATE, NIGERIA
Training is a key factor in enhancing the efficiency and expertise of the workforce. It is a common knowledge today that theoretical knowledge received by students is not enough for them to practice in their chosen field, particularly in the field of librarianship. The study, therefore evaluates the challenges of students Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES) in the Department of Library and Information Science, The Federal Polytechnic, Offa. The apparent lack of practical skills among youths has been blamed on the educational system. It is glaring that institutions spend much time on theory at the expense of development of practical skills because of lack of materials and facilities needed to infuse in youths the necessary skills likely to be required in industries-it then implies that youths are exposed to in the classroom settings and what is obtained in the field of librarianship. It was in order to bridge this gap that the Industrial Work Experience Scheme was introduced. The survey method was used for this research. This is because it involves a random selection of samples from both large and small population to obtain empirical knowledge of contemporary nature. Findings of the study show that shortage of supervisors, inadequate practical exposure and rejection of students among others are the challenges of SIEWS. It is therefore, very imperative to state that the programme is as important in bridging the gap between theoretical and practical knowledge, to this end government should improve on monetary incentives given to students among others.
ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECT OF CASSAVA WASTE WATER ON THE COMPRESSIVE AND FLEXURAL STRENGTH OF CONCRETE
DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING, THE FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC, OFFA, KWARA STATE, NIGERIA
DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING, THE FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC, OFFA, KWARA STATE, NIGERIA DECEMBER, 2015
Cassava is a woody shrub within the Euphorbiaceous family that is native to South America. It is cultivated as an annual crop and is famous for its starchy tuberous root which is a major source of carbohydrates. Nigeria is one of the leading producers of Cassava in the world. Cassava wastewater has a high organic content and it is generated when processing cassava tubers into food, feed, starch and other products. Currently, there is neither a specific method of disposal or of treating the cyanide-laden wastewater resulting from cassava processing in Nigeria nor any government policy guidelines. This research works aims to assess the effect cassava waste water has on the compressive and flexural strength of three mix ratios of concrete which are 1:4:8, 1:3:6 and 1:2:4 mix ratios. The results obtained shows that the density of concrete is not affected by mixing or curing with cassava wastewater. It was also noted that the introduction of cassava wastewater in concrete whether for mixing or for curing brought about the reduction in the compressive and flexural strength of concrete.
Thus, cassava wastewater has an adverse effect on concrete. A proper way of disposing cassava wastewater should be sought to prevent effect on concrete structures.
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BACKGROUNDS AND COMPETENCE OF STUDENTS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGES:
A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED INSTITUTIONS IN KWARA STATE
This study examined the relationship between backgrounds and competence of students in English language in selected institutions at all levels of education in Nigeria. Kwara State in the North Central part of Nigeria was used as the case study. It considered the problems that learners of English languages have at all levels of education and how their backgrounds affect their competence in its usage in the Nigerian institutions of learning. The linguistic competence of the learners and users of the language in the Nigeria schools for various communicative purpose was also considered. Thirty-three schools in Kwara State were used for this research. Five schools each at both primary and secondary school levels as well as one tertiary institution each from the three Senatorial Districts of the State-Kwara North, South, and Central were examined. In addition, seventy-five (75) students were selected randomly in each of the selected primary and secondary schools while one hundred and fifty (150) students were selected in each of the selected technical higher institutions. Altogether the subject was two thousand, nine hundred and twenty-five (2,925). Questionnaires were administered on the selected pupils/students in these institutions to determine their various backgrounds and performance in the use of English language. These were also used to determine the influence of the school environment and government contributions to perform of students; staff and students were interviewed. The responses to the questionnaire and the oral interview coupled with the findings from the analysis of learners’ results in English language were used as the data for the study. Having used simple distribution percentage statistics for the data analysis, the study found out that, there are many problems facing learners of English language in Nigerian schools; there is deterioration in the effective use of English language among Nigerian learners of the language; and the backgrounds of pupils/students influence their competence in English language. The study further concluded that there is relationship between the backgrounds of learners of English language and their competence in the language and that there is no significant correlation between the performance of students in secondary schools and tertiary institutions because many of the secondary schools’ students passed English language with the availability of the “miracle centre” and assistance given to them by their English language teachers. Finally, based on the findings of this study, it is recommended that the government should play its roles in the uplifting of the educational standard in Nigeria. The Nigerian educational policy should give adequate consideration to the deterioration of the roles of government, teacher, and parents towards the success of the language programme, and all the stakeholders in the language teaching programme in Nigeria should have a forum through which learning problems would be discussed so as to improve the standard of language education in the country.
PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN STORAGE TANK WITH PALLADIUM ADDITIVE
ENGR. DR. JIMOH ABDUL
Hydrogen has been found to be a safe and cost effective alternative to fossil fuel to power a car. The effect of 0.05 and 0.1 at .% Palladium (Pd) on the hydrogen storage properties of Ti35V40Cr25 alloy were investigated. Melting of the alloys was done in a water-cooled, copper-crucible arc melting furnace under argon atmosphere. The alloys were characterized for phase identification using optical microscopy, x-ray diffractions (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Electron Diffraction X-ray Spectroscopy (ED) using an oxford system. The pressure-concentration temperature measurements were done using a Sievert apparatus. All the alloys were found to contain mainly body-center-cubic (BCC) with minor αTi or βTi and Laves phases. The absorption capacity increased from 1.89 to 2.51 wt.% with 0.05 and 0.1 at .% Pd, respectively. The useful capacity at both compositions was about 2.16 wt.%. Increased in Palladium from 0.05 to 0.1 at .% had no significant effect on either the absorption/desorption capacities or the thermodynamic properties.
Therefore addition of 0.05 at .%Pd is more effective cost solution to increasing the storage capacity of Ti35V40Cr25 alloys.
Keywords: hydrogen storage properties TiVCr alloy: BCC: αTi or βTi structure.
AGGLOMERATION OF WOOD DUST AND CHARCOAL POWDER FOR SOLID FUEL PRODUCTION
ENGR. IMURAN ABDUL-MAJEED SAKELE
Other sources of energy that is environmental friendly and also cheaper is needed as an emerging trend in growing environmental concerns, particularly climate changes resulting from the use of some of the common fossil fuel used in heat boilers and manufacturing plant. To achieve this objective, a solid fuel known as briquette was produced with the agglomeration of wood dust obtained from sawmill waste, charcoal powder and binder. Wood dust was gotten from sawmill waste, Charcoal was grinded using a mortar and sieved with a 30-50um mesh sieve size. Aqueous starch, solutions which serve as binder was also made available. The formulated Charcoal and wood dust was mixed with the aqueous solution of starch. The procedures include agglomeration of the materials to obtain the required stiffness and curing by heating in air atmosphere. After heating, a solid fuel was obtained and the physic-chemical property of raw materials and charcoal pellets was determined. Compatibility test and crushing test were carried out. A biomass briquette which serves as a replacement for fossil fuel which can be used in developing countries was obtained. This helps to eliminate indiscriminate disposal of sawdust and charcoal dust, to reduce air pollution, to create more jobs and to serve as alternative source of fuel for domestic and industrial purposes.
DEVELOPMENT OF A “MUNSHY” SOFTWARE FOR GENERATING AUTOMATED LECTURE TIMETABLING FOR FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC OFFA, KWARA STATE
AFOLABI, LATEEF OLASHILE
IBRAHIM, MUNIR AYINDE
Lecture timetabling is one of the computationally difficult optimization problems in scheduling: which makes finding a feasible and optimal solution a challenging task. Timetabling problem is a real life combinatorial problem concerned with scheduling a certain number of events within a specific timeframe. Large number of constraints; hard and soft constraints are to be fulfilled and many events involved which h makes finding an optimal solution to be complicated and Time consuming. Many approaches in the literature have addressed this problem and the holes in the review of the past works conducted by these researchers have been picked and bridged in order to enhance this research work, in terms of flexibility and making it widely applicable timetabling system for courses in the institutions. A “Munshy” soft package is an automated lectures timetabling software which can run on Windows 7, 8 and 10. A survey of 10 different higher institutions with a total of 4,000 students, 800 lecturers and 200 administrators would be carried out to know the effectiveness, efficiency, and performance of manually generated lecture timetable. An algorithm will be developed taking into consideration all the hard constraints and most of the soft constraints. This algorithm will be best run and compiled on soft packs (200 discs). The usage of this developed soft package will be used to train timetable administrators of Federal Polytechnic Offa.